catapult changed world history ancient middle

How the catapult changed history

In our house we have weird discussions, does that happen in your house? One day my husband and I started talking about technology that changed the world. We came up with the usual ones, and then we started to get into military technology and how the catapult changed history. This may actually have started with a field trip we went on and then changed into a history lesson

how the catapult changed history

Catapults are a simple machine, essentially you’re using a lever under tension to throw a large object you could not throw that far on your own.

They were invented by the Assyrians as a very effective siege weapon and helped the Assyrians create the first large empire.

Making catapults

This started as an independent lesson for the kids as I went to a hangout on air with some homeschooling friends (probably the iHN hangouts, love those, today’s is on homeschooling year-round at 1:00 central).

build your own catapult (1)

Batman went at it and rounded up all the supplies he could find to build his catapult, but it doesn’t actually work…..  But, it’s a pretty impressive bit of engineering.

history with Legos

Superman took a different track and illustrated what happens when you have multiple siege engines, a catapult, and a battering ram.  Which leads into the next section.

How the catapult changed history

One of the primary drivers of our technological advancement is war, sad to say, but it is.  In this case, the need to get into a walled city quickly and economically.

building our wall to withstand assault from the catapult

The previously prevailing wisdom said to build a large wall, make sure you have a water supply, and a large stockpile of food and you’ll outlast the other army.

That was pretty much the plan, how long can we last?  Sieges could last from weeks to years in a large enough city.  At the end both sides are devastated, the conquered city has been destroyed by disease and starvation, and neither side gets what they want.

catapult lesson

Enter the catapult, and how the catapult changed history.  If you have a good strong catapult you can potentially cut that time in half or less.

Catapults when used correctly have two advantages: 1. They destroy the walls, and 2. They destroy morale.  Both of these lead to the opposing army surrendering more quickly.  Shortening the time your army spends at war (a costly affair) and increasing the value of the city you’ve captured (more slaves).

Difficulties with firing a catapult

siege engine physics

While the kids started out super excited about this activity, as the activity progressed their patience waned.  It was hard to hit the city walls.  Our catapult did not have the strength to penetrate the walls.  And this could happen, if you make the walls thick enough or of the right material then those walls won’t break.

We also didn’t know the physics of working the catapults, so our shots often fell far short OR went flying over the wall.  If we were fighting a real city, that would not be a problem, it would actually be helpful because the flying stones would help with sapping morale, but for our activity, it was discouraging.

Sometimes I am amazed at how many lessons you can get out of one activity.  When I started I wasn’t thinking I was going to get a science, character, and math lesson out of this activity, but we did.

Science of the catapult

Future Ticia 2023 is adding in this, now if you are teaching physics while you are studying ancient history, then you should also look at the science behind the catapult, toward that end I’ve found one video for now, and I’ll look into adding more…

It’s amazing to me how such a simple machine can be such a devastating machine.

catapult changed world history ancient middle

More great history lessons

Continuing with the trend of ancient history, let’s see what all else I can dig up.


8 responses to “How the catapult changed history”

  1. I am waiting for an appropriate playdate to make kids do catapults. History with Legos is a great idea 😀

    1. It’s really fun, and the kids love to build it all. They’re even more enthusiastic now that they’ve met a homeschool family who’ve MADE several Lego movies.

  2. I love all the activities and the engineering skills involved!

    1. I know! It really was fun to see how the kids worked through the challenges.

  3. I still need to introduce my kids to catapults…

    1. I can see your kids really enjoying catapults.

  4. This was so much fun to read. I love all the hands-on fun and the facts are wonderful. Thanks for linking up.

  5. Very cool. Hands on learning is the best!

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