Plate Tectonics Unit

One very popular homeschool science unit this year was our plate tectonics lesson for earth science (let’s see if you can guess why it was such a hit).

Plate tectonics unit

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Plate tectonics unit: graham cracker plates

Supplies: graham crackers*, Chocolate Pudding*

plate tectonics activity graham crackers

While the kids enjoyed eating the results of this activity, I don’t think they quite got it all together, mainly because I didn’t explain it well, but down at the bottom I’ve linked to a couple of places that handled this activity better than I did.

plate tectonics unit

The idea is to let the kids use the graham crackers and the pudding to push them together to simulate different ways the continental plates hit each other.  But, our graham crackers got soggy way too fast.

plate tectonics unit

Instead, they had fun eating the pudding covered graham crackers, and generally threatening me with messy hands.

 

Plate tectonics unit: eggshell earth

plate tectonics unit

This plate tectonics activity is what first started getting it through their head, this may have been one of the activities mentioned in CKE Earth and Space* but I’m not sure, and I’m too lazy to go find my book.

Supplies: hard boiled egg, and a hard surface

Once the egg has cooled down enough to touch, and this takes preparation AND remembering you have them.  This is a hard thing for me, so I’d just like to point out I completed the activity and did not leave it half done.

plate tectonics unit

Crush the eggshell, so it’s cracking, but not falling off.  Then move the eggshell around carefully and you can see the pieces of the egg shell are rather like the tectonic plates.  They move around and sometimes push another piece up or down, and sometimes it causes the piece to slide another way.

 

Plate tectonics unit: printable map

Hands on science plate tectonics unit for elementary

This I know came from the CKE Earth and Space*, and is probably what led to me buying the reproducible download so it was easier to print (and yes the reproducible download is on that same page, in case you’re wondering, it’s totally worth it).

Hands on science plate tectonics unit for elementary

Well, the kids sat there and cut out all of the different continental plates, and after cutting them all out I asked what observations they had, and here’s what they discovered:

plate tectonics unit australia

  • Some continental plates are huge, and some are little.
  • Many of the continental plates are actually continents, but many aren’t.  North America is made up of several plates.
  • The plates split in unexpected places.
  • California really could sink into the ocean.  Okay that was my observation, but it is on a different tectonic plate than the rest of the country.  But, we’d only lose part of the state.

plate tectonics unit australia

It was quite an interesting experience

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Plate Tectonics unit resources

Fun and easy Moon Unit for kids

You know what’s great about homeschool science?  It doesn’t matter how many times people have written about oreo cookie moons as part of their moon unit, my kids haven’t seen it.  So, it’s awesome and new to them.  But, I still added in a few more ideas for our moon unit, just to make it extra fun.

moon unit

Moon unit supplies

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Oreo Double Stuff* (because if you’re going to use Oreos, why not go for broke?), CD (you know those things we used to listen to music on), flashlight* (we bought multiple just like this for our entire family, they fit very well in your pocket), flour in a large bowl, toys to drop

 

Moon unit activity 1: how does the moon get light?

Moon unit light reflection activity

Techinically the moon doesn’t have its own light, technically it reflects the light from the sun.  Of course we don’t say that because that is boring, and nowhere near as interesting as “look how bright the moon is shining tonight.”

Okay, back to the actual post, and not my random tangent.

To demonstrate this we took a CD and a flashlight, better add that to the supply list, and headed into my rather dark closet.

Then we shone the flashlight onto the CD and we could see the light that reflected off of the CD onto our hands.  It made for a rather great demonstration.

And because that’s the kind of teacher I am I then drew a parallel to God.  How we are supposed to reflect God’s light just like the moon reflects the sun (Sneak in a bit of family discipleship in the middle of our science lesson, go team me!).

 

Moon unit activity 2: Oreo cookie moons

moon unit for elementary school

Most everyone has seen this activity, so I’m not going to spend too much time on it, besides to say it’s an awesome excuse to eat lots of Oreo cookies.

Awesome excuse.

moon unit eating oreos makes happy kids

The kids had lots of fun arranging their cookies to create the waxing and waning cycle of the moon in the frosting with their Oreos, so it was a good addition to our moon unit.

 

Moon unit activity 3: creating craters

This last activity in our moon unit is actually one we’d done before, so we made reference to it.

Mercury activity process

We simulated making craters on the moon using random objects dropped into flour.  It helps explain the way the moon looks and why there are so many craters, and besides it’s fun to do.
Follow Ticia Adventures in Mommydom’s board astronomy for kids on Pinterest.

Moon unit resources

Paul in Corinth Sunday School lesson

After Paul’s rather crazy second missionary trip, he needed a nice calm week, and this Sunday School lesson is certainly a breath of fresh air for me after a rather hectic week.

Paul in Corinth

Sometimes God gives us a break, like God did for Paul in Corinth

Paul had been through a couple of rather crazy months, possibly years.  He’d been beaten, thrown in jail, stoned, and people were questioning if he had the right to be an apostle.  That’s a lot for any man to deal with.

Paul arrived in Corinth expecting a similar time.  But, he did not know how God had prepared the way for him already.  Claudius had thrown the Jews out of Rome, and so Corinth was swarming with Jews, so Paul had work for the first time in years as hundreds of Jews were looking for tents or other things to live in.  He also met friends who card for him, and served with him.  Sometimes I think we downplay how important friends can be in life.

Paul in Corinth

God gave Paul 18 months of peace and a fruitful ministry.  The church in Corinthians grew by leaps and bounds, and Paul saw the results (now Corinth did later give Paul so many problems he wrote 4 books to them, but that’s not the point of today’s lesson).

 

Paul in Corinth craft

{Amazon links in this post are affiliate links, and are marked with *}

I wanted the kids to understand how restful this was, and how much peace this time gave Paul.  It’s a very hard concept to translate to kids, so I compared this time in Corinth to a security blanket.  Just wrapping yourself up in it gives you a sense of peace and like you are home.

Paul in Corinth activity

So, we made security blankets for their dolls.  Princess decided hers needed to be more of a quilt, so she sewed two pieces of fabric together before decorating hers with Fabric Markers*, and Superman decided his needed to be longer than it was, but overall it was a fun simple craft.

Paul in Corinth craft

They were all quite proud of their projects, and now have some nice snug figures in their blankets.

 

Coming soon, see Paul in Ephesus and see how disagreements on doctrine can lead to big fights. Dun Dun Duuuunnnnnnn.

Paul's trip to Corinth Sunday School lesson

Paul in Corinth resources

Jupiter science lesson

A few months ago in one of my science for kids posts I wrote about in a different Jupiter science lesson, and then I left you hanging for almost two months wondering how the rest of our Jupiter studies went.

Jupiter's weather

And I apologize for that, I’ve been feeling rather blah writing about our science adventures because it’s felt like none of them have gone right this year.  They all took loads of retries and I’ve been burned out a bit on the whole thing.

{This post contains affiliate links marked with an asterisk*.  For more information read my disclosure page}

Why you need to study clouds to understand Jupiter’s weather

Jupiter art project

Let’s take a second and talk about Jupiter.  Jupiter is a fun planet, it’s a gas giant, it’s a proto star, it’s so big all of the inner planets can fit inside it and roll around easily.  It also has giant storms.

I mean giant storms.  All of the colors we see when we look at Jupiter are giant chemical storms that would destroy us in a heart beat if we were on that surface, so we needed to study clouds first (see what I mean about nothing going right).

Jupiter lesson for kids

We took what we learned from watching videos of people successfully forming clouds and then transferred that to wind storms.  Here in our part of Texas we get some pretty fierce wind storms, but not tornadoes too frequently.  So we knew how wind can blow clouds around and make it all confusing.

Then for the grand demonstration, I pulled out the tornado tube*, and some red food dye (after all Jupiter’s giant storm is red).

Jupiter science lesson

And we observed how a tornado works.  It’s much bigger at the top than it is at the bottom.  So in theory, Jupiter’s giant red spot is much smaller at the surface of Jupiter.  It also has to be a violent storm that is continually being agitated because our tornado died down after a little bit, just like ones here on Earth do.

 

And having taught the main points I wanted them to get out of it, I let the kids have fun playing around with the tornado tube and generally learning from exploring.  That all by itself can be worth it.

How We Teach Kindle cover

Oh, and if you’ve ever wondered how it is I come up with all of these crazy ideas, I’d highly suggest picking up a copy of “How We Teach*.”  It’s just out and I wrote a couple of the chapters in the book (including one on astronomy).  It’s only $6.99 and I know there’s something in this book to help your homeschool day go well.

How-We-Teach-Instagram

All week long an Instagram challenge is going on and each day someone wins a copy of “How We Teach.”

Battle of Hastings Lesson

I’ve been watching our Illuminations (affiliate link) schedule for the Battle of Hastings for quite a while. I knew it had to be coming up because you can’t skip this important battle in English and world history. It’s one of those turning points in history.

The Battle of Hastings

{This post contains affiliate links.  For more information read my disclosure page}

 

Why is the Battle of Hastings important?

The Battle of Hastings is one of a handful of dates I intend my kids to memorize.  They’re turning points in history that change how the world works.

Battle of Hastings lesson NOrmans

Three different men vied for the crown of England after Edward the Confessor died, Harold of Wessex, an Anglo-Saxon, Harold King of Norway, and William Duke of Normandy.  The two Harolds fought it out and Harold of Wessex emerged triumphant but weakened to face William.

The battle was fought out over an entire day at Hastings, in the end William was triumphant and that was the start of the Norman invasion.

 

Because of his victory the English language got a complete overhaul, William created and stabilized the feudal system.  He started monasteries, convents, cathedrals, and castles being built throughout England.  His reign started an entire cultural revolution (which when my kids are older we will get into in more detail, that’s a fascinating lesson all by itself).

 

Our Battle of Hastings lesson

Follow Ticia Adventures in Mommydom’s board Mystery of History 2 on Pinterest.

To prepare for our Battle of Hastings lesson I spent time perusing my Mystery of History 2 pinterest board, and searching Youtube.  Eventually I had my plans.

We spent an entire day just on this one lesson from Mystery of History 2, because there are a lot of resources on this one battle.  I’ll walk you through a few of the resources we used, and link to a few more at the bottom of the post.

Battle of Hastings lesson

First we listened to the Audio set and took notes in our notebooking pages.

From there we watched the Time Commanders Battle of Hastings which illustrated just how much difference the right commander makes because in this version the Normans lost the battle. Then we watched “A Young Kids’ Guide to the Battle of Hastings,” which my kids thought was okay, but weren’t particularly impressed. From there we saw a Horrible Histories clip on the Battle of Hastings, which Princess informs me she quite liked. And finally we watched the re-enactment put together a few years ago, it was epic in its scale and in its authenticity.

Battle of Hastings lines drawn up

After all of that information we sat down to play out our Battle of Hastings simulation from Junior General.

 

What we learned from our Battle of Hastings lesson

History is not a given, there were several points in the battle it could have gone either way, as we saw in the Time Commanders video.

Battle of Hastings notebooking pages

Leadership makes a difference.  At one point William’s soldiers thought he was killed, so he removed his helmet and they gained new hope and fought on like before.

The conquerors write the history and set the tone.  William came in from France and spoke a different language.  Through sheer force of will and with the might of the British throne behind him, he changed the English language closer to what we know today.

 

Resources for Battle of Hastings lesson

I will have an entirely different post on the Bayeux Tapestry, which William’s wife created for him to celebrate the battle

Clouds unit

We took a brief break from our study of Jupiter and the gas giants to study clouds for science.  This was somewhat necessary because we needed to learn more about clouds and how they worked to further our studies of astronomy.  So to earth science we turned for a clouds unit.

 

What are clouds?

Clouds are water vapor gathered together in the sky.  We see them because the sun reflects off of dust and water droplets in the sky.  The water droplets by themselves are not visible.  Our CKE Earth and Space (affiliate link) has a great chapter on clouds which we referred to non-stop for this unit.

 

Creating a cloud simulation

No clouds unit would be complete without a cloud simulation, so we gave it the old college try.  And I do mean try.

clouds unit

Supplies: jar, pan, ice, water (hot and cold)

clouds unit

Okay, so here’s how it’s supposed to work.  You’re supposed to have a jar full of hot water, so hot it’s almost boiling.  On top you’re supposed to put a pan of ice and water.  You’re supposed to see the water vapor condensing and becoming a cloud.  But, that’s not what happened.  I think it’s because Austin tends to be fairly humid, and so there’s already a fair amount of water vapor.  I mean I even got a black backdrop, so we could see better.

clouds unitThey dutifully took notes of water condensation, but no cloud.  It’s almost as bad as our literally watching water boil failure.

So, we tried another way.  I did some searching on YouTube and found several great videos on how to make a cloud in a bottle.  Most I dismissed because I didn’t have the supplies or didn’t want to find them.  Then I found one using a 2 liter bottle, water, and a match.

I was pretty sure I had those.

 

Only I didn’t.  I had a bottle, but not a matching lid, I tried and tried, but couldn’t replicate the results in the video. And the pictures are gone, just gone. I’m hoping they’re on the laptop somewhere, otherwise…… This sums up my feelings:

 

 

Making a cloud project

clouds unit

The next step of our clouds unit is the usual part of any cloud project, make a cloud simulation with cotton balls.  This is part of everyone’s clouds unit because it works so well to show the different types of clouds.

clouds unit

Cirrus clouds are wispy bits of cloud, that look to me like someone painted the sky absent mindedly

clouds unit

Cumulus clouds are the big puffy clouds we look at for cloud watching.

clouds unit

Stratus clouds are large gray clouds that usually cover the entire sky.

clouds unit

Nimbus clouds are dark gray and almost always mean rain, rain, and more rain

 

As you can probably tell this project uses cotton balls, markers and glue.  the kids had a lot of fun with it, until we got to the ones requiring coloring the clouds, then the cotton stuck to the markers and the boys were getting frustrated.

clouds unit

 

Literature tie in for our clouds unit

This is one the kids are getting a little old for, but it’s a great book to tie-in with clouds.  It’s just a story of a couple of kids watching clouds and talking through what they think it looks like.  Since we no longer have the book, we watched the youtube video of the story and talked about the different ideas she came up with for the cloud.

clouds unit

I thought through a couple of different ideas for this, and ended up with the good old “white blob painting”  Yes that’s the official term for it.  Our super official steps:

  1. Go get blue construction paper.  Discover you’re out of it, so paint white paper blue with watercolor paint.  Then wait a few hours.
  2. Drop a blob of white paint on the paper.
  3. Fold in half and smoosh it around (notice these super professional terms).
  4. Move the paint around with your fingers to add any random details you’d like.
  5. Write your story.

Here’s their final cloud writing projects:

clouds unit

Once there was a bat who flew from his and that night he met a bird that was ???? and asked what her name was, “Glitters and I’m running away and you’re not stopping me.”  “Okay, but would you like me to come with you?  “Sure.  By the way, what’s your name?”  “Shadow.”  “Okay.”

clouds unit

Superman’s story, I forgot to label it on the picture

 

Batman is stopping a robbery.  He throws his baterang.  He catches the crook.  The police arrive and take the crook away.

My kid Batman took his story upstairs, but it was about two bats meeting I believe.  I’ll have to track his story down.

 

More clouds unit ideas

Layers of the Atmosphere unit

We’ve been having a bad luck run with our science lessons recently.  It feels like most  of our projects just go horribly wrong, and I’ve felt rather unenthused about posting them because of that.  But, I have an earth science project that went great, and I need to move forward.  So I present our layers of the atmosphere lesson.

Hands on atmosphere lesson

Layers of the atmosphere theories

There are two different theories for the earth’s atmosphere: composition and temperature.  The composition theory is rather boring: two different types, which I’m not bothering with right now.  So let’s look at the layer by temperature, that’s what we most often hear referred to.

The layers of the atmosphere according to temperature are: troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere.

 

Layers of the atmosphere project supplies

atmosphere lesson supplies

4 shades of blue tissue paper (I save all tissue paper from presents we receive or you can buy some:Colored Tissue Pack), watered down School Glue, Marker Tower, and card stock

 

Making your layers of the atmosphere project

layers of the earth's atmosphere project

Cover the cardstock with glue and put the lightest color of the atmosphere over the glue.  This represents the Troposphere.

layers of the earth's atmosphere project

Tear the edges of the next lightest shade of blue (if you want go ahead and do this for all the rest of the shades).  We’re doing this to show it’s not a clear hard line between the layers, but a gradual change.

 

layers of the earth's atmosphere project

Slowly add the different layers, the middle two layers are double the size of the others, so allow them more space (I felt it was kind of silly to show every single step over and over, also I didn’t take pictures).  The final layer is the very darkest blue color.

layers of the earth's atmosphere project

Finally add information about each of the layers.  Here’s our shorthand we added, obviously our CKE Earth and Space book had more information.

  • Troposphere- always changing, where most of the weather happens
  • Stratosphere- temperature goes up as you go up
  • Mesosphere- strong winds
  • Thermosphere- protects us from the meteors falling into our atmosphere

layers of the earth's atmosphere lesson

We also had a bit of fun adding in our own little odds and ends of personality.

For more earth science ideas check out my pinterest board:

Follow Ticia Adventures in Mommydom’s board Earth Science for kids on Pinterest.

Our fun from the last few weeks

kiddo fun1We’ve had a lot of fun these last two weeks or so, Tara came down to visit which meant we played a lot of board games: Smash Up Game, Castles of Mad King Ludwig Board GameStar Trek Expeditions, and Torches and Pitchforks (which is out of print now).

As you can see from up above we went by the Botanical Gardens, which always makes for some hilarious pictures.

fun in the well

Including this rather fun set of pictures from my kids as they played in the pioneer village.  I particularly love the bottom one with Superman sneaking up on zombie Batman.

 

Easter fun

Easter was lots of fun busyness, not business, that’s different.  We started off the morning with our Sunday School class, and I need to upload pictures to the Passover in Easter post of the actual lesson.  Afterwards we had Easter dinner with my brother’s family, he was home with a broken foot on bed rest.  It was a lot of fun to see the kids playing with their cousins.  Then we headed up to Dallas to see Jeff’s parents and aunt and uncle.  It was a good visit, but rather tiring.

Most of this week has felt rather unorganized, and like we haven’t accomplished much, but I’ll leave you with this picture of an activity that went horribly horribly wrong (you’ll hear the entire story on Sunday), and why we mopped our kitchen floor 3 times.

Bible activity gone wrong

How to make an edible Roman Road

A few years ago I read a post by Phyllis over at All Things Beautiful on how to make an edible Roman road. I thought, “I’m totally doing that.” Fast forward a few years, I stalked her blog, found the post and pinned it to my Mystery of History 2 board.  Then I set about gathering supplies and modifying it to what I was able to find.

edible Roman Road

Supplies for an edible Roman Road

(some of these are affiliate links, I get a small commission if you purchase from them)

  • graham crackers
  • melted butter (I did about 1 stick, if you want exact measurements check out Phyllis’ post)
  • chocolate pudding
  • chocolate chips
  • whipped cream (or whipping cream and powdered sugar)
  • shortbread cookies

To cut down on sugar overload I’m eliminating one of the layers in Phyllis’ edible Roman road.

 

Mixing and creating your edible Roman road

mix pudding and whipped cream for edible roman road

First mix up your chocolate pudding and whipped cream.  Somewhat off-topic, but can I just say I love my Hand Mixer, but I’m noticing I might need a new one soon.

After you’ve mixed up the chocolate pudding let it sit for a few minutes and then mix in the chocolate chips.

first layer of edible Roman road

While those are setting up smash the graham crackers into smithereens.  Mix up the crumbs with the butter.

Now, you’ve got all the mixing done and are ready to add in your layers.

layers of the edible roman road

  1. Smooth in the graham cracker crumb layer.  After you’ve added it, take a moment and pat it down a little bit.  That will make adding the next layer easier.
  2. Spread the chocolate chip pudding mixture in.  Watch the kids start to drool as they imagine the sugar rush they’re going to get.
  3. Add the whipped cream on top.  Now you’re ready for the final layer.

final layer added for edible roman road

Add on your shortbread cookies for the final layer of the edible Roman Road.

 

What are each of these layers in your edible Roman Road?

Well, I’m glad you asked.  Here’s what they are:

edible roman road layers

  1. The graham cracker and butter is the sand that was laid to make the road level.
  2. The chocolate pudding and chocolate chips is the mortar stone that would be mixed together to make a strong base.
  3. The Whipped cream represents the concrete layer.  Random side point, historians believe Romans invented concrete.
  4. The shortbread biscuits represent the limestone paving stones that are the final layer.

Roman Roads were so sturdy and well put together they were used for hundreds of years after the Roman empire fell.  For years afterwards people would come and pry out the stones to use in their own buildings because they were so well cut.  Even today, over 2000 years later you can still find the remains of the Roman roads throughout Europe.

Hands on Roman historyFor the rest of our Roman posts head over to Hands on Roman History a part of the iHomeschool Network’s hopscotch.

For more Roman inspiration

Venus activities for kids

I’ve got a backlog of science activities I’m working through, and we actually completed our Venus activities over a month ago.  And like with my volcano activities, our Venus activities just didn’t feel like they went right originally.

Venus activities for kids

Venus is a volcano planet, so Venus activities are volcano based

There’s not a lot we know about Venus because of it’s location and because of its atmosphere.  We’ve sent several probes to Venus, but the probes are pretty much all destroyed upon going into the atmosphere because of its corrosive qualities.

We know Venus has lots of volcanoes, and this knowledge was convenient because we were studying volcanoes in our earth science at the time.

volcano activities for kids

So for that part of our Venus activities head over to the volcano activities post and marvel at how many ways you can make a volcano and how many ways our attempts went wrong.  Seriously, wrong in so many ways.

 

Venus activity: radar mapping

Venus activity radar simulation

You know what did work?  More or less….  Our radar mapping.

Supplies: empty box (I used a plastic shoe box lined with tissue paper so I could still use it afterwards), markers (I highly recommend this set of Pip-Squeaks Marker Tower, as the markers dry out I buy new ones and put them in),Bamboo Skewers, graph paper (Astronomy Notebooking Journal has one included for the Venus lesson if you are getting that), Plaster of Paris (I’ve started buying this in bulk after the Roman frescoes and our other projects in that vein), White Tissue Paper (you probably could use colored, but white works better).

Setup on the Radar activity before kids are involved:

Venus activity preparing radar measurement

  1. Pour a bunch of plaster of paris into your box.  The more you pour in the better your activity (more on that in my what I learned notes).  Make it as varied as possible, add high mountains and deep valleys.
  2. On your white tissue paper draw a grid and number it.  Preferably make the squares uniform in size.
  3. Color your bamboo skewer with different colored bands at a pre-measured distance.  I did half inch measuring.
  4. Tape the tissue paper grid over the box so they can’t see what is inside.

Explanation of our Venus activity (without this you’re just letting your kids play with sharp pointy things)

Because of Venus’ atmosphere we cannot see the planet’s surface.  If we look down all we see is a fog in perpetual motion.  So we’ve used radar to measure Venus’ surface and created a map to see what it is like.  That is what we are going to do today.  This will let us make a map of our “Venus surface.”

learning the importance of accurate measurements with Venus activity for kids

  1. Let your kids take turns poking the bamboo skewer straight down in the middle of the square to see how deep it goes. (straight up and down is very important).
  2. Record what is the first color showing outside of the tissue paper on your graph paper.
  3. Continue doing this for each of the squares on your “planet Venus.”

learning the importance of accurate measurements

What we learned from this Venus activity

  1. Measurement is very important.  Their answers were wildly different dependent on how they poked the skewer through the tissue paper.
  2. It’s a tricky job to measure things with radar.  You had to get the measurements right, you had to keep straight what area you were measuring, and you could sometimes force your way through an air bubble and mess up the readings.
  3. I learned I shouldn’t have used a leftover batch of plaster.  We didn’t have enough differentaition, so the measuring was rather boring for creating our map.
  4. I’d also say I should have made much smaller squares to get more accurate map.

Overall though it’s made for an interesting astronomy study.   I’m going to go ahead and publish this post, but later today I’ll come back with some suggestions of some more Venus activities.

Hannibal and the Punic Wars lesson

There’s some parts of Roman history that are fairly well known, people know of Julius Caesar, they know of Nero and Rome burning, they know about gladiators.  And if you say Hannibal, you’ll probably get at least a glimmer of reaction.  Hannibal is a turning point for Rome and the city of Carthage.

Hannibal and the punic wars lesson

Who is involved in the Punic Wars?

At about 200 BC Carthage and Rome were the two big cities and had quite a decent rivalry growing.  Rome had conquered the Italian ppeninsulaand were trying to decide if they were going to be an Italian empire, or if they were going to expand.

At the same time Carthage (originally a colony of Phoenicia), but now a power in its own right was expanding into Spain.

sides drawn up in the punic war conflict

As you can see in the picture up above, Carthage, the green group, had a lot more land, but it was recently conquered land and they were more traders, not soldiers.  Rome had a solid grip on their peninsula, and had a well drilled army.

The start of the Punic Wars and Hannibal’s part in it

Both sides traded fights for a bit, but the big problem came when Rome set forth and sailed on Carthage.  Carthage cried bloody murder and called their best general, Hannibal to come home and defend them.

Now Hannibal had a choice, go home and sail his army over the seas to defend his home, OR attack the Romans on their own land.  Hit them where it hurts and cause the Senate to withdraw the Roman army.

Hannibal and the Punic wars

Hannibal chose to march his army across Spain, and over the Alps to Italy and attack Rome.  In one of the most famous marches across Europe he got his army with all of those elephants over the Alps very quickly and surprised all of Rome with his war elephants.

Scipio Africanus quote to Hannibal

Scipio Africanus, Roman general for the Punic Wars

Enter Scipio Africanus.  Scipio ranks in the lore of Roman history as one of its greatest generals.  He fought Hannibal to a standstill and destroyed his march on Rome, even though Rome had no idea how to deal with the elephants.

To truly get an idea how the battle went we watched the Decisive Battles episode on the Battle of Cannae between Hannibal and Scipio.

In the end Hannibal escaped, and Scipio was recalled to Rome.  Carthage and Rome both started rebuilding their forces.  This was just a temporary truce because neither of them could let the other survive.

The Third Punic War ended with the complete destruction of Carthage.  Rome did not trust them to keep their peace treaty, so they went in burned the city to the ground, salted the earth, and destroyed any chance of the city building back up, and made its holdings into a Roman province.  This secured more trading rights, a fairly good port, and ended the threat of war for a while.  Now Rome could turn its eyes East to look at Greece.

 

Finishing up the Punic Wars with a notebooking page

punic wars notebooking page

After we’d gone over all of that the kids completed a notebooking page about the Punic Wars.  Bad spelling and everything.

 

Resources for the Punic Wars lesson

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